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Inserting data into tables

The most important part of a database is being able to store contents in a database and then retrieve them.

This first article in the tutorial will focus on precisely this.

How SQL works

It is very important to note that SQL is nothing more than a language used to perform tasks on a database management system. When an SQL command is run on a database, some application will run a specific request on the database.

When an SQL command is run on a MySQL database, the returned values will themselves be tables.

Inserting data

Data is put into the database through SQL commands. The INSERT INTO keywords allow data to be put straight into a table in the database.

Assuming data is to be put into the mytable table in the database, a general pseudo-query could be generated as:

Insert 'Jamie' into the 'name' column and '21' into the 'age' column in the mytable table

With SQL commands, it's pretty similar. SQL uses the VALUES keyword too:

SQL
INSERT INTO `mytable` (name, age) VALUES ("Jamie", 21)
        

SQL maps from the left set of parenthesis to the right set of parenthesis to generate a list of parameters for the database system to handle. Crucially, ordering matters here.

Whilst all of the samples in this tutorial use databases, tables and field names within strings, the field names do not need to be quoted. So it's perfectly normal to change the above sample to:

SQL
  INSERT INTO mytable (name, age) VALUES ("Jamie", 21)
  	        

Updating a table

To update (or change the values in) a database, the UPDATE keyword is used. The query is constructed using this keyword alongside the SET keyword.

Assuming a database has already been selected the query would look like this to update all First_name fields to "Jamie":

SQL
UPDATE `mytable` SET First_name="Jamie"
        

This query will replace the value of First_name with the value "Jamie".

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