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Personal Blog

ZPE has for a long time been able to compile and password protect compiled applications. Now with ZPE comes SecureCode (codenamed Diamond Peak). SecureCode is a built-in part of the ZPE package that secures code using a special algorithm. Code can be decrypted by the engine and then run directly from it. Secure code has been in development for months, only to finally come to fruition now.

This new form of security adds layers of protection to applications that make ZPE even more secure. The built-in decryption engine will be included within the up and coming YASS Executable specification.

In a nutshell, the encryption and decryption algorithms use the password as the initialisation vector but since the password is not stored as plain text and can only be verified by encrypting a users input and comparing it against the encrypted password, there is no way to decrypt the code. Further, the compiler applies the encryption algorithm a number of times to strengthen the security of the file.

YASS
function main(){

 print("Hello world")

}

When compiled, the file would like:

Binary file
^@^Esr^@,jamiebalfour.zpe.core.YASSCompiledExecutable}N^P;<8A>^B^@^GZ^@^LexperimentalJ^@^DtimeL^@^Fauthort^@^RLjava/lang/String;L^@^Pcompiler_versionq^@~^@^AL^@^Dnameq^@~^@^AL^@^Hpasscodeq^@~^@^AL^@^Gprogramt^@^RLjava/lang/Object;xp^@^@^@^@^M^Xbt^@^Njamiebalfour04t^@^G1.8.8.0t^@^@t^@^@sr^@)jamiebalfour.zpe.core.YASSCompiledProgramP^E<9E> ^S<8F>^B^@^C[
^@ functionst^@^][Ljamiebalfour/types/ZPEPair;[^@
structuresq^@~^@ [^@ variablesq^@~^@ xpur^@^][Ljamiebalfour.types.ZPEPair;<82>}%LS^B^@^@xp^@^@^@^Asr^@^Zjamiebalfour.types.ZPEPairu`cӜ^B^@^BL^@^Anq^@~^@^BL^@^Avq^@~^@^Bxpt^@^Dmainsr^@^Zjamiebalfour.zpe.core.FAST^@^@^@^@^@^@^@^A^B^@ B^@^Kreturn_typeB^@^EscopeB^@^DtypeL^@^Mdocumentationq^@~^@^BL^@^Bidq^@~^@^AL^@^Dleftt^@^Ljamiebalfour/zpe/core/FAST;L^@^Fmiddleq^@~^@^QL^@^Dnextq^@~^@^QL^@^Evalueq^@~^@^Bxp^@^@pq^@~^@^Oppsq^@~^@^P^@^@pq^@~^@^Osq^@~^@^P^@^@^Cpt^@^Eprintpppsq^@~^@^P^@^@pq^@~^@^Gpppsq^@~^@^P^@^@^Hpq^@~^@^Gpppt^@^KHello worldppsq^@~^@^P^@^@pq^@~^@^Gpppppuq^@~^@^K^@^@^@^@uq^@~^@
^K^@^@^@^@

But when using SecureCode it looks like:

Binary file
^@^Esr^@,jamiebalfour.zpe.core.YASSCompiledExecutable}N^P;<8A>^B^@^GZ^@^LexperimentalJ^@^DtimeL^@^Fauthort^@^RLjava/lang/String;L^@^Pcompiler_versionq^@~^@^AL^@^Dnameq^@~^@^AL^@^Hpasscodeq^@~^@^AL^@^Gprogramt^@^RLjava/lang/Object;xp^@^@^@^Oryt^@^Njamiebalfour04t^@^G1.8.8.0t^@^@t^@<$2a$10$gKm.f.P6is/VObd9ZtnBreOj5Lu6fIhJ4P7snMp/VJzgdEL4aHUpiur^@^B[B^W^F^HT^B^@^@xp^@^@^Bp<99>^D(<84>E^G^?^?.MTy<8C>1c^LESCD<89>L"$= BB^Y<8C>^K#^T^F^N<85> gs<9E>=F   ESC-/^NԶ7^C|'^]<9F>^EҏwAQc3F<9B>K
<84>^F<91>|'S<9F>^X+^^MY^O^Bډ^GAͿ_^D<9A>&^E<91>U*<98>o"s^Tƭӏܙ-Jt^Y.^V<90>R^E^ZiZY^N<9D>s<8B>Ʋ^U^TRi^?Vi<96>=c^NnɄiz^Xe-dr^$)<9A>*^X <0^V<87>N^?^DfT,n<95>k1-<90>*^L^VESC^_<8E>6^P<9D>u<Ls
^O^Lio^NM<9D>^B <83><9B><83> '<88>^V^W^Q8ESC}m5q<91>Wp~
<98>Q<9B>~<81><8A>Uo%,^V+g}<81><96>+<89>^V<95>^T,4+@qVESC]
^_<8C>˼<90>ђo<U+0083>e
{<91>v<93>w虁^Fn6E^BN ȱW^G^V^@3<8C>q^YMQH<80>.
3Ż<8B>Gc3􃍜B<9A>^MSOO^?P<9A>^R^@<87>^_<83>7q^RIF"<80>g@3zEhp^ m*<80>#,ESCzܘ
͓v<97><8C><82><9B>j^]N<91>b|j+E^N<9C>ʥRA8RTֺ<94>I[C^]<92>-
%<81>^P^H<90>mt K_*a<87><9D><91>Y^Z#PD^]:^L<96><84>'%Yao^SӷQ^U
<84>B]^]ż<8A>c^H8^E^AlNwn9C<81>bnm2<93>=?
Gg

Security and safety have always been paramount within ZPE since the release of version 1.5 with last year's version 1.7.x making the server and client system even more secure using a special public and private key encryption method. ZPE 1.8.x aims to bring further security features to the package in due time. SecureCode is expected later this month.

ZPE SecureCode

Today I am happy to announce the release of ZPE 1.8.7 known by its codename as Portman.

Portman brings many minor updates plus better support for my new Velocity Web Server. One of the most significant changes to ZPE is the removal of the ZPE prefix in front of internal object definitions. For example, the ZPEHTMLBuilder is now just the HTMLBuilder and the ZPEUI becomes UIBuilder. Speaking of objects, there is now a new Calculator object which uses a compiler to compile expressions into fast-to-execute mathematical formulae. 

Further to that, ZPE 1.8.7 introduces ZPEKit (pronounced zippy kit), a new API for accessing the compiler, interpreter and runtime from a single interface. The introduction of this so far only accesses the compiler, but within the next few versions, ZPEKit will become the only way to access the compiler, interpreter and runtime. 

ZPE 1.8.6 deprecated the ZPEWebServer and I expect ZPE 1.8.9 (James) will remove the ZPEWebServer entirely.

zpe 1.8.7
ZPEKit

I'm happy to announce that ZPE 1.8.7 will introduce ZPEKit. ZPEKit is a complete redesign of the infrastructure of the ZPE application and will make it even easier than before to access the functions that you might need as a developer. 

The plugin interface will also be more accessible and I plan to bring more native function capabilities to the front end of the application. 

Further to this, I am now developing an image editing program in Java that will use ZPE as the core of the application, so this move is really important to make it easier for me to develop this application.

zpe 1.8.7
ZPEKit

ZPE version 1.8.6 (Younis) is a big update. 

One of the biggest changes to it is the deprecation of the built-in web server. This has been deprecated in favour of a much more streamlined way of working.

The reason for this. Well, there are a few reasons. The first is that it contradicts the Velocity Web Server (VWS) that I'm building. The ZPE web server was always slow compared with my new VWS which is designed to be compatible with a variety of languages and environments. VWS works with ZPE through what's called a Velocity Module hook now anyway. 

For now the server remains in place but in the next few weeks I plan to remove it altogether and perhaps reimplement it using the basis of VWS.

zpe 1.8.6
zpe

I was reading through parts of my blog looking for one specific post and came across one of my favourite posts on my website. I'm referring to this one here. This post discussed a form of code optimisation that can be carried out before compilation in some languages including ZPE/YASS.

Specifically, this post discussed performance differences between using variables where a length value (in this case the number of items in a list) is stored in a variable versus inline function calls to check the size of that list each iteration of the loop. It is understandable that the former would have lower latency and indeed lower memory consumption. 

After reading the post again, I thought I'd try it with the newest version of ZPE. At first, my thoughts were it was going to be slower because of the compilation time being increased to allow for compiler optimisation that the new ZPE offers. I was wrong. 

ZPE 1.8.5 is considerably faster on both for loops provided in the example, performing only slightly better in the user optimised version. 

Results for the first for loop in ZPE 1.8.5 were:

real 0m0.454s
user 0m1.016s
sys 0m0.118s

Compared with 2016's 1.4.2E, which got:

real 0m2.071s
user 0m2.914s
sys 0m0.455s

zpe
compiler
optimisations

It's taken a while for me to finally get here, but ZPE is finally adding further optimisations for mathematical and logical operations. 

For logic, one optimisation that has been highlighted as a potential area for improvement is the use of nested if statements and optimising them with else ifs instead.

For mathematics, it will include an optimisation that compiles static operations such as 1 + 5, but it will also look to improve the performance through the use of variables within mathematics. 

Since ZPE has begun to include optimisations since ZPE 1.7.8, it has been a major focus and major shift to improve the performance of compiled scripts. I am also looking to improve the performance of web-based scripts and adding in the ability to compile them too.

LAME2 is also under development, designed to improve performance of LAME which itself improved performance over LAMP this time last year. LAME2 will also embed its own optimisations. 

Also, I thought I'd take this opportunity to inform you of my recent use cases for ZPE since it now responds to webhooks much more efficiently. My most recent ZPE project has been on the home Raspberry Pi, which is set up to respond to web requests and manage them accordingly. We are now using ZPE within our smart home setup and I'm very happy to show people how it works. If you are interested, please contact me via email.

zpe
compiler
optimisations

A major part of my childhood and the early years of the last decade was developing my own software applications. These include programs like Painter Pro, Wonderword, Data Project, Cobweb and more. I still have all the code for them on my system but haven't touched them for years. You see the problem is they were only designed for Windows machines, not Macs and Linux machines. This is because they were written in a combination of C# and VB.NET.

As a result, they've remained untouched for a long time. One of my last innovations in them was that of BlackRabbit Script - a language that could directly communicate with the applications it was running in. It was quickly replaced by the cross-platform, Java written ZPE. 

ZPE has obviously been a much bigger hit and also a much bigger project, but it's also hundreds of times faster than BlackRabbit. 

So I thought I would try something. What if I were to get ZPE in place of BlackRabbit in those older applications? Would it work? This is definitely something I'd like to try and will be trying tomorrow and will be reporting back on here.

zpe
.net framework
c#

In recent weeks I have been integrating ZPE into my smart home equipment, helping me set commands to perform certain things that would otherwise be very difficult. 

One such feature of ZPE that I find both useful and efficient is that of shutting down and starting up my PC. This is all done from our smart home's Raspberry PI which sends out wake on LAN requests and ZPE shutdown requests. ZPE acts as the webserver to our house, too. The web server responds to webhooks from IFTTT and deals with them as appropriate, making the PI respond based on the hook.

ZPE 1.8.1 also includes proper encryption between the server and client instances. Both the ZPEClient and ZPEServer have been rewritten as well and are now the ZENClient and ZENServer. The improvements to these not only make them faster but more stable.

ZPE 1.8.1 will include a few more features and will hopefully release on Sunday.

zpe
1.8.1

ZPE is now coming up for it's five year mark, but it's actually stemmed from something I started 8 years ago. 

In this article, I am looking back at ZPE through the years, asking myself questions.

Why did I start ZPE?

BlackRabbit Script, the predecessor to ZPE, was written only for use on Windows computers which were originally my own development base. It was written in C#.NET. When I learned a bit more about parsers and making them efficient I decided to rewrite the BlackRabbit Script parser in C#.NET using the new knowledge I had obtained. It received a decent performance gain. In 2015 I decided to give it a go building it from scratch as part of a university project. I gained huge performance improvements.

What was the biggest hurdle for ZPE?

There were two very big hurdles when developing ZPE. The first of those was the mathematical parser. I knew that writing this in an efficient manner would be difficult, however, not so difficult that I would need to rewrite the mathematical and logic parsers three times to get them right.

The second hurdle was that I wrote BlackRabbit Script using my own class library that I began writing when I was 13 (in my second year of high school). It contained a bunch of different tools that formed the basis for BlackRabbit Script and made it really easy to develop functions for it. Unfortunately, that class library is not available in Java and since ZPE was rewritten in Java I had to redevelop a bunch of those features for the basis of ZPE. When I moved from BRS to ZPE, BRS had around 100 built-in methods. ZPE only got this as of about version 1.5.x. 

What is my favourite feature of ZPE?

The web parser and ZEN. ZEN is a bunch of networking features for ZPE that make it well worthwhile. It also allows ZPE to act as a web server and it's a rather efficient web parser. ZPE powers my webserver at home as it allows me to easily create plugins for it to automate things around the house.

What is coming up for ZPE?

There's a bunch of new performance improvements planned for ZPE that have been in the works since about version 1.5 that are finally going to get the time needed. Version 1.8 will start with version 1.8.1 (Quinn) which will develop the foundation for these improvements to go through.

There will also be improvements to the MySQL library over the next few months.

zpe
questions

Primrose Lake, also known as version 1.7.12 will be the last version of version 1.7 to be released. Despite this, it's a huge update. 

1.7.12 not only brings single line if statements using the if...then statements but it also brings performance improvements in two areas. 

The first area for a performance improvement is the When-Is statement (aka the case statement). The improvement in performance comes from statements that are long in size but unfortunately smaller statements get a performance penalty. For performance gains statements need to be around about 6 or more options. 

There have been a few parser improvements too.

But the most significant change is the way in which libraries are now imported. Any ZPE compiled library is no longer imported at startup and is now deferred. They are now imported only through the import command. 

ZPE 1.7.12 is now available from my Download Center.

zpe
primrose lake
1.7.12